The Savage Exclusion

With the federal government renouncing equal protection under the law, the U.S. experiences increased violence. The next few decades see the lynchings of thousands of people of all ethnicities. Numerous towns and cities experience groups of whites attempting to eradicate Chinese community members, in violent attacks and expulsions they call "The Driving Out."

Violence increases into the 1890s. Writing of voter intimidation, lawyer John C. Wickliffe proposes "to solve the problem along the line of white supremacy … in a legal way." ("Negro Suffrage a Failure: Shall We Abolish It?" Forum, 1892)

Congress renews Chinese Exclusion with the 1892 Geary Act. ...
... Now every person of Chinese descent must register and carry a special certificate. Despite threats of immediate roundup and deportation, Chinese people conduct organized civil disobedience to the "Dog Tag" scheme and fight the law in the courts.

Expulsion in Seattle, Washington (detail)
Harper’s Weekly, March 6, 1884.






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