The Inherent & Inalienable Right

From sailors in the young nation's early China trade, to accomplished athlete-scholars at Yale, Chinese people have been part of life in the U.S. before the nation even reached its tenth year.
In San Francisco, Mayor John W. Geary holds a public ceremony in 1850 to formally welcome Chinese immigrants. By 1852, Chinese Californians comprise 20 percent of the state's newly arrived population, and join that year's Fourth of July parade in San Francisco "on horseback and in carriages, dressed in colorful silk and satin that dazzled the spectators."

In the early years after the Civil War, the U.S. officially articulates a commitment to equal protection under ...
... the law and free migration, in 1868 adopting both the 14th Amendment and the Burlingame Treaty.

Chinese miners prospecting in California's gold fields, 1852.






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